What is a deductible?

What is a Deductible?

What is a deductible?

When it comes to insurance, one term that often confuses people is “deductible.” What exactly does it mean? How does it affect your insurance coverage? In this article, we will delve into the concept of deductibles, explaining what they are, how they work, and why they are important.

Understanding Deductibles

A deductible is the amount of money you, as the policyholder, must pay out of pocket before your insurance coverage kicks in. It is a fixed dollar amount or a percentage of the claim that you are responsible for paying. Deductibles are commonly found in various types of insurance policies, including health insurance, auto insurance, and homeowners insurance.

For example, let’s say you have an auto insurance policy with a $500 deductible. If you get into an accident and the repair costs amount to $2,000, you would be responsible for paying the first $500, and your insurance company would cover the remaining $1,500.

How Deductibles Work

Deductibles serve two primary purposes: to reduce the number of small claims and to share the risk between the policyholder and the insurance company. By requiring policyholders to pay a portion of the claim, insurance companies can avoid processing numerous small claims that may not be cost-effective to handle.

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When you purchase an insurance policy, you have the option to choose your deductible amount. Generally, policies with higher deductibles have lower premiums, while policies with lower deductibles have higher premiums. This is because a higher deductible shifts more of the financial burden onto the policyholder, reducing the risk for the insurance company.

Let’s consider an example to illustrate this point. Sarah and John are both shopping for homeowners insurance. Sarah chooses a policy with a $1,000 deductible and pays an annual premium of $1,200. On the other hand, John opts for a policy with a $500 deductible but pays a higher annual premium of $1,800. While John has a lower deductible, he is paying an extra $600 per year for that lower deductible.

Types of Deductibles

There are two main types of deductibles: per-incident deductibles and annual deductibles.

  • Per-incident deductibles: This type of deductible applies to each individual claim or incident. For example, if you have a per-incident deductible of $500 and you file two separate claims in a year, you would need to pay the deductible amount for each claim.
  • Annual deductibles: With an annual deductible, you only need to meet the deductible once per policy year, regardless of the number of claims you file. Once you have paid the deductible amount for the year, your insurance coverage will apply to subsequent claims.

The Importance of Deductibles

Deductibles play a crucial role in insurance policies. They help keep insurance premiums affordable by sharing the financial responsibility between the policyholder and the insurance company. Additionally, deductibles encourage policyholders to be more cautious and responsible, as they have a financial stake in the claims they file.

By choosing a deductible that aligns with your financial situation and risk tolerance, you can strike a balance between affordable premiums and manageable out-of-pocket expenses. It’s important to carefully consider your deductible options when selecting an insurance policy to ensure it fits your needs and budget.


In conclusion, a deductible is the amount of money you must pay out of pocket before your insurance coverage takes effect. It helps reduce the number of small claims and shares the financial risk between the policyholder and the insurance company. Deductibles come in different types, such as per-incident and annual deductibles, and they play a vital role in keeping insurance premiums affordable. By understanding deductibles and choosing the right amount for your needs, you can strike a balance between cost and coverage in your insurance policies.

Question and Answer

Q: Can I change my deductible amount after purchasing an insurance policy?

A: In most cases, you can adjust your deductible amount when renewing your insurance policy. However, it’s important to check with your insurance provider to understand their specific policies and any potential implications of changing your deductible. Keep in mind that changing your deductible may impact your premium, so it’s essential to evaluate the potential cost savings or increased expenses before making a decision.

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